《电子技术基础》史金芬【pdf】

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《电子技术基础》较系统地讲述了电工电子技术的相关基础知识及电子电路的组成、工作原理与应用。全书共9章,主要内容包括:电路分析基础知识,半导体二极管、三极管,放大电路基础,集成运算放大电路及应用,逻辑代数基础,组合逻辑电路,时序逻辑电路,脉冲波形的产生与变换,综合应用实例。
《电子技术基础》内容全面、结构合理、条理分明、概念清楚、例题丰富,可作为高等院校计算机科学与技术、软件工程、网络工程、物联网工程和信息技术等专业的电路电子专业基础课的教材,也可供从事相关工作的科技人员及各类自学人员学习参考。

目录“

第 1 章 电路分析基础知识 ·················································································· 1
1.1 电路的基本知识 ······················································································· 1
1.1.1 电路 ································································································· 1
1.1.2 电流 ································································································· 2
1.1.3 电压、电位 ························································································ 2
1.1.4 功率 ································································································· 3
1.1.5 电路基本元件 ····················································································· 4
1.1.6 电源 ································································································· 6
1.2 简单的电阻电路 ······················································································· 8
1.2.1 电阻的串联 ························································································ 8
1.2.2 电阻的并联 ························································································ 9
1.2.3 简单的电阻电路 ················································································· 10
1.3 基尔霍夫定律 ························································································· 11
1.3.1 基尔霍夫电流定律 ·············································································· 12
1.3.2 基尔霍夫电压定律 ·············································································· 13
1.3.3 支路电流分析法 ················································································· 14
1.3.4 网孔电流法 ······················································································· 15
1.3.5 节点电位法 ······················································································· 17
1.4 叠加原理 ······························································································· 18
1.5 等效电源定理 ························································································· 20
1.5.1 戴维南定理 ······················································································· 20
1.5.2 诺顿定理 ·························································································· 22
1.6 交流电的基本概念 ··················································································· 23
1.6.1 正弦交流电 ······················································································· 23
1.6.2 交流电的相量表示 ·············································································· 25
1.6.3 基尔霍夫定律的相量形式 ····································································· 27
1.6.4 单一元件参数电路 ·············································································· 27
1.7 用 Multisim 对直流电路进行分析 ································································· 32
1.8 本章小结 ······························································································· 33
思考与练习 ··································································································· 36
第 2 章 半导体二极管、三极管 ··········································································· 41
2.1 PN 结 ···································································································· 41
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2.1.1 半导体的基础知识 ·············································································· 41
2.1.2 PN 结的形成 ····················································································· 42
2.1.3 PN 结的导电特性 ··············································································· 43
2.2 二极管 ·································································································· 44
2.2.1 二极管的结构和类型 ··········································································· 44
2.2.2 二极管的伏安特性 ·············································································· 44
2.2.3 二极管的主要参数 ·············································································· 45
2.2.4 二极管的应用 ···················································································· 46
2.2.5 其他二极管简介 ················································································· 48
2.3 三极管 ·································································································· 50
2.3.1 三极管的结构和类型 ··········································································· 50
2.3.2 三极管的基本工作原理 ········································································ 51
2.3.3 三极管的伏安特性 ·············································································· 52
2.3.4 三极管的主要参数 ·············································································· 54
2.4 本章小结 ······························································································· 55
思考与练习 ··································································································· 56
第 3 章 放大电路基础 ······················································································· 59
3.1 基本放大电路的工作原理 ·········································································· 59
3.1.1 放大电路的基本概念 ··········································································· 59
3.1.2 基本放大电路的主要性能指标 ······························································· 60
3.1.3 基本放大电路的组成和工作原理 ···························································· 61
3.2 放大电路的分析 ······················································································ 62
3.2.1 静态分析 ·························································································· 63
3.2.2 动态分析 ·························································································· 64
3.2.3 稳定静态工作点的放大电路 ·································································· 72
3.3 放大电路的基本组态 ················································································ 75
3.3.1 共集电极放大电路 ·············································································· 75
3.3.2 共基极放大电路 ················································································· 76
3.3.3 三种基本放大电路的比较 ····································································· 77
3.4 多级放大电路 ························································································· 78
3.4.1 多级放大电路的组成 ··········································································· 78
3.4.2 多级放大电路的耦合方式 ····································································· 78
3.4.3 多级放大电路的分析计算 ····································································· 79
3.5 用 Multisim 对共射极单管放大电路进行分析 ·················································· 81
3.6 本章小结 ······························································································· 83
思考与练习 ··································································································· 84
第 4 章 集成运算放大电路及应用 ········································································ 89
4.1 集成运算放大器概述 ················································································ 89
4.1.1 集成运算放大器简介 ··········································································· 89
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4.1.2 集成运算放大器的组成 ········································································ 89
4.1.3 集成运算放大器的性能指标 ·································································· 94
4.2 放大电路中的反馈 ··················································································· 95
4.2.1 反馈的基本概念 ················································································· 95
4.2.2 反馈放大电路的类型及判别 ·································································· 95
4.2.3 负反馈放大器的基本关系式 ·································································· 99
4.2.4 负反馈对放大电路性能的改善 ····························································· 100
4.3 集成运放组成的运算电路 ········································································ 102
4.3.1 理想运算放大器的技术指标 ································································ 102
4.3.2 理想运放工作在线性区的特点 ····························································· 102
4.3.3 比例运算电路 ·················································································· 103
4.3.4 加法电路 ························································································ 105
4.3.5 减法电路 ························································································ 106
4.3.6 积分电路 ························································································ 108
4.3.7 微分电路 ························································································ 109
4.4 电压比较器 ·························································································· 109
4.4.1 过零电压比较器 ··············································································· 110
4.4.2 回滞电压比较器 ················································································111
4.5 用 Multisim 对反相比例放大电路进行分析 ··················································· 113
4.6 本章小结 ····························································································· 114
思考与练习 ································································································· 116
第 5 章 逻辑代数基础 ····················································································· 119
5.1 概述 ··································································································· 119
5.1.1 数字信号与数字电路 ········································································· 119
5.1.2 脉冲与脉冲参数 ··············································································· 119
5.2 数制与编码 ·························································································· 120
5.2.1 几种常见数制及转换 ········································································· 120
5.2.2 二进制算术运算 ··············································································· 123
5.2.3 几种常见编码 ·················································································· 125
5.3 基本逻辑运算 ······················································································· 127
5.3.1 与运算 ··························································································· 127
5.3.2 或运算 ··························································································· 129
5.3.3 非运算 ··························································································· 130
5.3.4 复合逻辑运算 ·················································································· 131
5.4 逻辑代数的公式与法则 ··········································································· 133
5.4.1 基本公式 ························································································ 133
5.4.2 常用公式 ························································································ 134
5.4.3 基本规则 ························································································ 134
5.5 逻辑函数的表示方法 ·············································································· 135
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5.5.1 真值表 ··························································································· 135
5.5.2 表达式 ··························································································· 135
5.5.3 逻辑图 ··························································································· 139
5.5.4 卡诺图 ··························································································· 140
5.5.5 硬件描述语言 ·················································································· 142
5.5.6 用 Multisim 进行逻辑函数转换 ···························································· 146
5.6 逻辑函数的简化 ···················································································· 147
5.6.1 公式简化法 ····················································································· 147
5.6.2 卡诺图简化法 ·················································································· 148
5.6.3 具有约束的逻辑函数的化简 ································································ 150
5.6.4 用 Multisim 进行逻辑函数化简 ···························································· 150
5.7 本章小结 ····························································································· 151
思考与练习 ································································································· 154
第 6 章 组合逻辑电路 ····················································································· 157
6.1 门电路 ································································································ 157
6.2 组合逻辑电路的分析与设计 ····································································· 160
6.2.1 组合逻辑电路的分析 ········································································· 160
6.2.2 组合逻辑电路的设计 ········································································· 161
6.3 几种常用的中规模集成器件 ····································································· 162
6.3.1 编码器 ··························································································· 163
6.3.2 译码器/数据分配器 ··········································································· 167
6.3.3 数据选择器 ····················································································· 172
6.3.4 加法器 ··························································································· 175
6.3.5 数值比较器 ····················································································· 179
6.4 组合逻辑中的竞争冒险 ··········································································· 181
6.4.1 竞争冒险的原因 ················································································· 181
6.4.2 竞争冒险的判别 ··············································································· 182
6.4.3 竞争冒险的消除 ··············································································· 183
6.5 可编程逻辑器件 ···················································································· 183
6.5.1 可编程逻辑器件的发展历程 ································································ 184
6.5.2 可编程逻辑器件的分类 ······································································ 184
6.5.3 简单 PLD 结构原理 ··········································································· 185
6.5.4 复杂 PLD 结构原理 ··········································································· 187
6.6 用 Multisim 分析组合逻辑电路 ·································································· 188
6.7 本章小结 ····························································································· 190
思考与练习 ································································································· 191
第 7 章 时序逻辑电路 ····················································································· 194
7.1 概述 ··································································································· 194
7.2 触发器 ································································································ 195
目录
5
7.2.1 RS 锁存器 ······················································································· 195
7.2.2 RS 触发器 ······················································································· 198
7.2.3 D 触发器 ························································································ 200
7.2.4 JK 触发器 ······················································································· 201
7.2.5 T 触发器 ························································································ 202
7.2.6 实际使用的触发器 ············································································ 203
7.3 时序逻辑电路的分析 ·············································································· 205
7.3.1 同步时序逻辑电路的分析 ··································································· 205
7.3.2 异步时序逻辑电路的分析 ··································································· 209
7.4 常用中规模时序逻辑器件 ········································································ 211
7.4.1 计数器 ··························································································· 211
7.4.2 寄存器 ··························································································· 218
7.4.3 计数器的应用 ·················································································· 221
7.5 典型同步时序逻辑电路的设计 ·································································· 224
7.6 本章小结 ····························································································· 228
思考与练习 ································································································· 230
第 8 章 脉冲波形的产生与变换 ········································································· 236
8.1 555 集成定时器 ····················································································· 236
8.1.1 555 定时器的电路结构 ······································································· 236
8.1.2 555 定时器的逻辑功能 ······································································· 237
8.2 多谐振荡器 ·························································································· 238
8.2.1 由与非门构成的多谐振荡器 ································································ 238
8.2.2 555 构成的多谐振荡器 ······································································· 239
8.2.3 石英晶体振荡器 ··············································································· 241
8.3 施密特触发器 ······················································································· 242
8.3.1 施密特触发器的功能 ········································································· 242
8.3.2 555 定时器构成施密特触发器 ······························································ 243
8.3.3 施密特触发器的应用 ········································································· 243
8.4 单稳态触发器 ······················································································· 244
8.5 本章小结 ····························································································· 245
思考与练习 ································································································· 246
第 9 章 综合应用实例 ····················································································· 248
9.1 简单运算单元电路的设计 ········································································ 248
9.1.1 设计内容与要求 ··············································································· 248
9.1.2 基本功能设计 ·················································································· 248
9.1.3 附加功能设计 ·················································································· 249
9.2 一个商售 ALU 芯片电路的分析 ································································ 250
9.2.1 一个 4 位 ALU 芯片 SN74181 电路 ······················································· 250
9.2.2 4 位 ALU 芯片 SN74181 的运算分析 ····················································· 250
电子技术基础
6
9.3 简易自动售货机控制电路的设计 ······························································· 253
9.3.1 设计内容与要求 ··············································································· 253
9.3.2 基本功能设计 ·················································································· 253
9.3.3 附加功能设计 ·················································································· 255
9.4 汽车尾部转向指示灯控制电路的设计 ························································· 257
9.4.1 设计内容与要求 ··············································································· 257
9.4.2 功能电路设计 ·················································································· 257
9.5 本章小结 ····························································································· 259
思考与练习 ································································································· 260
部分习题参考答案 ··························································································· 261
参考文献 ······································································································· 271

 

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